The interior of the mosque is richly decorated, blending Christian and Muslim styles of many periods.  The head of John the Baptist is contained in an elaborate white-marble tomb located beneath the great dome.  The reliquary is visible through a series of latticework protected portals.  The Umayyad mosque is also home to the tomb of one of Islam’s greatest heroes: Saladin, the king who retook Jerusalem from the Crusaders.  Because he had given most of his money away to the poor, Saladin was laid to rest in a simple garden outside of the mosque’s walls.  A marble mausoleum was constructed in the 20th century as a gift of the German empire, but the body was never moved, and remains in a wooden coffin nearby. Umayyad Mosque, Damascus. Long before Damascus rose to prominence as the Umayyad dynasty’s capital of the Islamic Caliphate, it was a major early center of the Christian faith.  According to the New Testament, Christianity was introduced to Damascus by the disciple Ananias within a year or two after the Ascension, making Damascus one of the first major cities outside of Judea to be evangelized.  Ironically, it was not until the reign of the Umayyad Muslims in the 7th century that Damascus would see the construction of its greatest Christian shrine: the Umayyad Mosque.  The Umayyad Mosque is the most prominent holy site in the Islamic world to showcase a major New Testament relic, the head of John the Baptist, and is highly revered today both by Muslims and Christians.  The Umayyad Mosque is part of the Ancient City of Damascus UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity of mosque architecture all over the Muslim World. The mosque is also famous for its minarets, the Minaret of the bride, the Western Minaret and the Minaret of Jesus. The mosque contains the tomb of Prophet Yahya (St. John the Baptist) located in the heart of the Old City. Stone ,Concrete,Marble .I hope it's still standing. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the late 8th century. Thanks Calame, very useful and interesting! It is considered by some Muslims to be the fourth-holiest place in Islam. The basilica should have been smaller the the actual mosque, and no traces seems exists at our time. According to the New Testament, Christianity was introduced to Damascus by the disciple Ananias within a year or two after the Ascension, making Damascus one of the first major cities outside of Judea to be evangelized. The spot where the mosque now stands was originally a temple dedicated to the idol Hadad in the Aramaean era about 3000 years ago. The Umayyad Mosque is a spectacular edifice.  Constructed before the more Persian-style Islamic architecture came into vogue, it appears much more like a Byzantine monastic compound than a mosque.  This is not unusual since it was largely constructed by Byzantine workers who previously worked on churches and cathedrals.  The three minarets were added at different times, exhibiting a variety of construction styles.  One of the minarets is dedicated to Jesus of Nazareth.  Despite the mosque’s ancient look, the building has been regularly repaired over the centuries, with a substantial renovation having been made after a fire in the 19th century. [3] Hi, Does anybody know if before Islam, the basilica that stood on the grounds where the mosque is now, is still part of the mosque now? Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680. Email us at hkramer@thecompletepilgrim.com. worshippers at the umayyad mosque, the great mosque of damascus, damascus, syria - umayyad mosque stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Yard of Umayyad Mosque, destroyed after clashes between Asad regime forces and Syrian opponents, is seen in Aleppo, Syria on September 27, 2014. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. Mu‘awiya established his capital at Damascus, shifting his power base north of Mecca and Medina in the Arab heartland. The Umayyad Mosque complex, which dates mostly from the 12th century, suffered extensive damage in October as both sides fought to control the … The Umayyad Mosque is located in the heart of the Old City of Damascus, and is part of a cluster of major sites that are inundated with visitors and pilgrims on a daily basis.  It is an rarity from a tourism standpoint, as it is probably the greatest shrine in the Muslim world that permits non-Muslims to enter its holy precincts.  That said, extreme respect in the form of dress and behavior is expected.  The mosque is open daily from 9:00am-9:00pm.  The cost of admission varies throughout the year, from SL10 to SL50 depending on the season.  Web: Not currently available due to ongoing problems in the region. Apr 4, 2018 - Explore Hazar Elhassani's board "Umayyad mosque" on Pinterest. The emplacement of the ancient basilica is controversial. Click here for […]. One of the most famous landmarks in Damascus. The Umayyad Mosque site has housed sacred buildings for thousands of years, in each incarnation transformed to accommodate the faith of the time. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. After the Muslims besieged Damascus, Khaled bin Al-Walid entered it and entered it in peace, and it was annexed to the Umayyad state after that, and in the era of Al-Walid bin Abdul-Malik, the Umayyad Mosque was built in the southern part of the church. The Umayyad Mosque (or Masjid), also known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. it was constructed in Damascus during the Omayyad caliphate. Your email address will not be published. Filed Under: Early Christian Site, Gravesite Saint, Muslim, New Testament Site Tagged With: Syria/Jordan/Lebanon. He consolidated the early Muslim conquests in the Middle East and expanded the empire. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures standing from the late 8th century. Seen here in the background is the Minaret of the Bride, Madhanat al-Arus. Prior to this, the cathedral was still in use by the local Christians, but a prayer room ( musalla ) for Muslims had been constructed on the southeastern part of the building. Mu‘awiya also instituted political and bureaucratic systems that allowed for the effective rule of the nascent Islamic empire and the expansio… The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. Standing outside Aleppo's Umayyad mosque the city's mufti Mahmoud Akkam said he initially wanted the celebrated landmark to be restored by fellow Syrians Get premium, high … The tomb of Prophet Yahya ( St. John the Baptist Mosque is also for! The basilica should have been smaller the the actual Mosque, and Fatimid eras three millennia is a forum! 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