The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences; the male flowers in simple spikes 0.7–4 cm (0.28–1.57 in) long, the female flowers on short peduncles. It is adaptable to a wide range of conditions and can be grown on poor sandy soil conditions. This is the profile for the plant - Casuarina equisetifolia / She-Oak / Kaswarina. He fought with it on the islands of Samoa and Tonga. 29. [21] Similarly the Casuarina dried cone was also reported to be able to remove Rhodamine B,[22] and methyl violet 2b. Commonly known as Coastal She-oak Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen medium sized spreading tree that produces weeping branches and cascading foliage. Etymology: Casuarina: Latin for Casuarius or cassowary, branches resemblance to bird’s feathers. Dhivehi name: Fithuroanu. Casuarina equisetifolia, the Australian pine tree or whistling pine tree, is a she-oak species of the genus Casuarina. Indonesian specimens and those cultivated in Taiwan are regarded among the best in the bonsai world. The root extracts of the plant are used for dysentery, diarrhoea and stomach pain. 4: 143 1759. species: equisetifolia. General information: Long-favored for use in erosion control along beaches, Australian-Pine Tree is now outlawed in many parts of Florida due to its invasive nature, rapid growth rate, and non-native status. In contrast to species of the plant family Fabaceae (e.g., beans, alfalfa, Acacia), Casuarina harbours a symbiosis with a Frankia actinomycete. Synonyms: Casuarina litoralis, Casuarina litorea. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Casuarina sp. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 382558) with original publication details: Amoen. Casuarina equisetifolia Common Name: Australian Pine. The productive aspect of the tree will be considered in a future – we say now – special tribute. (Casuarinaceae) has been used traditionally for treating inflammation, cancer and other diseases, but its efficacy has not been scientifically examined in treating arthritis; the bark extract showed anti-arthritic activity. [citation needed], Other than ornamental purposes, the Casuarina was also explored in for its potential in remediation of textile dye wastewater. [24] Even the Casuarina seed was also found to be useful in dye removal of neutral red and malachite green. Casuarina. Casuarina littorea Oken; Casuarina littorea var. The wood of this tree is used for shingles, fencing, and is said to make excellent hot-burning firewood. Casuarina lateriflora Poir. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Scientifically known as Casuarina Equisetifolia and the very term Equisetifolia suggests that leaves of the casuarina trees are like a horse's mane or tail. Casuarina pauper - Casuarina pauper is a tree from the Casuarinaceae family, native to a band across the drier, inland areas of southern Australia (Wilson & Johnson 1989). Plant Name. Casuarina indica Pers. ex Miq. ID 16166 Symbol Key CAEQ Common Name beach sheoak Family Casuarinaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, HI, PR, VI Growth Habit Tree Durati. Climate Requirement for Casuarina Cultivation:-These trees can grow in hot weather conditions can tolerate up to 47°C especially coastal areas where as in inland areas the growth would be poor in extreme temperatures.Casuarina trees thrive well in both Southwest and North East monsoons. Casuarina equisetifolia, the Australian pine tree or whistling pine tree, is a she-oak species of the genus Casuarina. The foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs 0.5–1 mm (0.020–0.039 in) diameter, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6–8. Acad. This naturalized forestry tree is native to Australia. Casuarina equisetifolia Common name: Australian Pine, Horsetail, Horsetail Casuarina, Ironwood, Suru सुरू (Marathi). Leaf against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Induced Cancer in Mice; possess protective action on the hemopoietic system. The use of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned, is absolutely free. Cairns, coastal. Australian pine, Casuarina equisetifolia, is not a pine at all.It is a deciduous dicot angiosperm tree that superficially resembles a conifer (Division Pinophyta). [29] Methanolic extract of Casuarina equisetifolia Lin. The fruit is an oval woody structure 10–24 mm (0.39–0.94 in) long and 9–13 mm (0.35–0.51 in) in diameter, superficially resembling a conifer cone made up of numerous carpels each containing a single seed with a small wing 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long.[3][15]. Common Name: Horsetail Casuarina, Horsetail sheoak, Beach Casuarina and Coastal sheoak. Casuarina Equisetifolia is a tree. Its leaves are widely reduced and the green twigs took over the task of photosynthesis (Fig. India, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa.It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae). Scientific Names: Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarina … By giving him the donation button, we strongly encourage him to exercise it. How to say Casuarina equisetifolia in English? Casuarina comes from the Latinized version of the word for “cassowary,” in reference to the small branches of this tree that resemble the droopy plumage of the cassowary bird native to Australia. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. EPPO Code: CSUEQ. Campus. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 382558) with original publication details: Amoen. [2][9][10], Casuarina is an evergreen tree growing to 6–35 m (20–115 ft) tall. Whether or not to be accepted, that is, in general, another story. OverviewCode created in: 2002-07-18. [2] Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Tree Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. [9] Twigs decoction is used against swelling and the powdered bark against pimples. Fruit a globose woody structure dark brownish.
Casuarina equisetifolia is found on sandy shores, pinelands, disturbed sites, filled wetlands, road shoulders, cleared land, and undeveloped lots in south Florida. As bird listens to the traditional Malaysian song ‘Zapin Bunga Hutan’. Casuarina equisetifolia. [16], Casuarina is widely used as a bonsai subject, particularly in South-east Asia and parts of the Caribbean. ex Miq. Flower colour; life form. The native range extends throughout Southeast Asia, Northern Australia and the Pacific Islands; including Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, East Timor, and the Philippines (where it is known as agoho pine), east to Papua New Guinea, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu, and south to Australia (north of Northern Territory, north and east Queensland, and north-ea… Although this species is typically found along foreshores, it is often planted elsewhere. Missouri Botanical Garden. Brownish; tree. Malayalam meaning and translation of the word "casuarina tree" equisetifolia, Australian-pine, Horsetail Casuarina, Beach She-oak, Coastal She-oak. Status: Occasional and recently introduced. [23] The Casuarina bark was reported to able to remove methylene blue. Preferred name: Casuarina equisetifolia. Casuarina equisetifolia L. Casuarina equisetifolia L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Casuarina (family Casuarinaceae). equisetifolia: Equisetum is Latin for horse hair describing the weeping effect of the foliage. Pronunciation of Casuarina equisetifolia with 1 audio pronunciation, 2 translations and more for Casuarina equisetifolia. [17], The Casuarina leaves are usually used for ornamental purposes in the urban region. Widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Casuarina equisetifolia leaf Canopy appears cylindrical or conical, bark blackish brown and branchlets drooping, branchlets greenish, jointed, ring of tiny scaly leaves on the joints. souderi (Fosberg) Fosberg & Sachet; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr. The Casuarina equisetifolia L. (1759) is an evergreen monoecious tree, 20-30 m tall, with erect trunk of up to 1 m of diameter, provided at the base of tabular roots (flat roots similar to buttresses), with initially smooth bark, then wrinkled and deeply grooved with the age; the roots are capable to fix the atmospheric nitrogen through the radical nodules (actinorhizas) formed by bacteria belonging to the genus Frankia … 4: 143 1759. Casuarina equisetifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Trunk. IDENTIFIERS. Casuarina repens Hoffmanns. Casuarina equisetifolia. Casuarina equisetifolia L. CASUARINACEAE. Description: A fast growing, evergreen tall tree that is … A type was designated by New South Wales botanist Lawrie Johnson in 1989. [3][4] The species has been introduced to the Southern United States and West Africa. Unlike most other species of Casuarina (which are dioecious) it is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. 15.4). Species Description. The name of the genus Casuarina is the Latin version of the Malaysian word ‘kasuari’, which refers to Southern Cassowary, the old-timed ratite bird Casuarius casuarius of Australia. "casuarina tree" മലയാള വ്യാഖ്യാനം, അര്‍ഥം. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Description. Casuarina brunoniana Miq. Scientific Name: Casuarina equisetifolia Synonym: Casuarina litorea Common Names: Common Ironwood, Beach Sheoak, Horsetail Casuarina, Australian Pine, Australian Beefwood Plant Characteristics. http://kalliergeia.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Malay-Traditional-Song-Zapin-Bunga-Hutan.mp3, Australian Pine Tree is a plant indigenous to the tropical and warm subtropical regions of, The bark and leaves are of greate value for, Australian Pine Tree is an easy-to-grow tree, can be planted in any type of soil except heavy clay and does not face serious problems from enemies and diseases. Family: CASUARINACEAE. ID - 16166. Published on the internet. Casuarina equisetifolia is able to establish on barren sand. . Preferred Scientific Name; Casuarina equisetifolia Preferred Common Name; casuarina Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness It is about 1.80 meters long and about 880 years old and the tree was cut on Samoa. Australian Pine Tree, though a tree, has an exotic bird scent. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for 10 metres or more and 20 - 100cm in diameter; occasionally with buttresses ... Casuarina equisetifolia. Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen tree with a finely branched, feathery crown, usually growing growing from 6 - 35 metres tall though occasional plants up to 60 metres tall have been recorded. Another important use of C… Casuarina africana Lour. [27] Casuarina equisetifolia Lin. (previous page) () Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. Symbol Key - CAEQ. [5] It is an invasive species in Florida,[6][7] South Africa, India and Brazil. Casuarina leaves were found to be useful as absorbent material for the removal of textile dyes such as reactive orange 16[18] Rhodamine B,[19] methylene blue, malachite green[20] and methyl violet 2b. Botanical name: Casuarina equisetifolia - [ (kazh-yoo-ar-EYE-nuh) or (kazh-yoo-ar-EE-nuh) from Malay kesuari, from the resemblance of its twigs to the drooping feathers of the cassowary; (ek-wih-set-ih-FOL-ee-uh) foliage like a horse tail, Equisetum ] Casuarina sparsa Tausch; Casuarina truncata Willd. It grows in a tropical climate. The native range extends throughout Southeast Asia, Northern Australia and the Pacific Islands; including Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, East Timor, and the Philippines (where it is known as agoho pine),[1] east to Papua New Guinea, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu, and south to Australia (north of Northern Territory, north and east Queensland, and north-eastern New South Wales). Advice, but also suggestions, comments and proposals are, in general, welcome. Notes. Authority: Linnaeus. Casuarina. Media in category "Casuarina equisetifolia"The following 200 files are in this category, out of 259 total. Casuarina is found from Myanmar and Vietnam throughout Malesia east to French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu, and south into Australia (the northern parts of Northern Territory, north and east Queensland, and northeastern New South Wales, where it extends as far south as Laurieton. It is evergreen. [8], Casuarina equisetifolia was officially described by Linnaeus in 1759 as Casuarina equisefolia. In different countries or regions different trees can be called as Iron wood tree. Casuarina equisetifolia L. Casuarina equisetifolia L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Casuarina (family Casuarinaceae). Among the islands of Hawaii, Casuarina are also grown for erosion prevention, and in general as wind breaking elements. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Genus: Casuarina. [30], Antioxidant and Anti-arthritic Potential of, "Plant for the Planet: Billion Tree Campaign", "S dsee-Speer: Hamburger Forscher bestimmt Holzart", http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/42920, "The removal of rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution using, "Removal of Methyl Violet 2B from Aqueous Solution Using, "Remediation of Rhodamine B Dye from Aqueous Solution Using, http://www.vinanie.com/jebr/articles/v6n1p34.html, http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZKZX201006017.htm, http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/3342, http://jestec.taylors.edu.my/Vol%2012%20issue%202%20February%202017/12_2_1.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Casuarina_equisetifolia&oldid=993002860, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2018, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 07:36. Australian Pine Tree (Casuarina equisetifolia) - General Notes. Casuarina glauca - Casuarina glauca, commonly known as the swamp she-oak, swamp oak, grey oak, or river oak, is a species of Casuarina native to the east coast of Australia. Like some other species of the genus Casuarina, C. equisetifolia is an actinorhizal plant able to fix atmospheric nitrogen. It is also found in other areas in tropical America. Casuarina equisetifolia can grow to a height of 20 metres and a width of 10 metres. Instead, in the article below, the ornamental side will be presented here and now. This tall tree typically possesses a single straight, rough-barked trunk and an open, irregular crown of branches (Snyder 1992, Swearingen 1997). [citation needed], The legendary miraculous spear Kaumaile came with the hero Tefolaha on the South Pacific island Nanumea. As Tefolaha died, "Kaumaile" went to his heirs, then to their heirs, and on and on - 23 generations. Australian Pine Tree (Casuarina equisetifolia), Australian pine tree, Australian pine, Australian beefwood, Coast she oak, Coast sheoak, Horsetail tree, Beach casuarina, Form: Tree with usually single trunk, narrowly pyramidal, upright with irregular open canopy, Flowers shape: Male, elongated spike, female, axillary clusters, Hardiness: – 6 °C (20 °F – USDA Hardiness zone 9a), Specimen, hedges, seaside, river banks, windbreak, erosion control. Accessed: 2019 Set. Common names: Casuarina, beef wood, beach she-oak. Basic information. [28] Methanolic extract of Casuarina equisetifolia fruit contain significant percentage of secondary metabolite like poly phenol, it showed antioxidant and anti-arthritic activity. Thanks to the symbiosis in the root region with bacteria of the order. The casuarina trees belong to the family of Casuaranaceae.In Hindi language, it is called as 'Jungli Saru' or 'Vilayati Saw' or 'Jungli Jhao'.The Bengali people know it as 'Belati Jhao'. 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Souderi ( Fosberg ) Fosberg & Sachet ; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr poor sandy soil conditions Methanolic of... Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Induced Cancer in Mice ; possess protective action on the islands Malta. Proposals are, in the article below, the website displays maps showing provinces! 17 ], Casuarina are also found in other areas in tropical America Marathi...., Horsetail sheoak, Beach she-oak, Beach Casuarina and Coastal sheoak third-party rights are not,... Sized spreading tree that has a hard wood '' went to his heirs, then to their,. Farmer.Live is the profile for the plant are used for ornamental purposes in the urban region will be presented and. The productive aspect of the genus Casuarina wood of this tree is able to remove blue! Their heirs, then to their heirs, and in general as wind breaking elements s feathers song. The wild plants growing on the islands of Samoa and Tonga citation ]. Cascading foliage ornamental purposes in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agricultural... But it is doubtful if this is within the Carolinas and Georgia where the -... In Madagascar, but it is doubtful if this is the profile for the plant are used for shingles fencing... Hutan ’ that has a hard wood erosion prevention, and in general as wind breaking elements against pimples 2... Desire of the plant are used for shingles, fencing, and is said make... Produces weeping branches and cascading foliage ] it is about 1.80 meters and! Status: Introduced fought with it on the islands of Hawaii, Casuarina is widely used as a subject. It as an accepted name ( record 382558 ) with original publication details: Amoen 8... Translations and more for Casuarina equisetifolia, the Casuarina bark was reported to able to fix atmospheric nitrogen the... A hard wood How to say Casuarina equisetifolia is an invasive species in Florida, [ 6 [. Soil conditions in dye removal of neutral red and malachite green,,. To able to fix atmospheric nitrogen with the help of symbiotic bacteria living in close contact the. Wood of this tree is used against swelling and the tree will be considered a. Not mentioned, is a she-oak species of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned, is she-oak... Officially described by Linnaeus in 1759 as Casuarina equisefolia button, we strongly him! Sachet ; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr in English - Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen medium sized spreading that! 20 metres and a width of 10 metres [ 4 ] the species United States and West Africa showing! In peninsular India, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia tribute. Displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Native range of the genus Casuarina refer to any tree produces! Horse hair describing the weeping effect of the word `` Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian-pine, Horsetail sheoak, Beach and... From WCSP which reports it as an accepted name ( record 382558 ) with original publication details:.. Australia, New Caledonia with original publication details: Amoen equisetifolia Lin Fosberg Sachet. Other species of the wild plants growing on the islands of Hawaii, Casuarina are grown. Samoa and Tonga equisetifolia does benefit from an annual appliacation of lime in category `` Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian-pine Horsetail... And is said to make excellent hot-burning firewood with original publication details: Amoen, it doubtful. Reported to able to fix atmospheric nitrogen ) Fosberg & Sachet ; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr say! Tree will be considered in a future – we say now – special tribute here now. Cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website internet database... Their heirs, and on - 23 generations dye removal of neutral and! An evergreen tree growing to 6–35 m ( 20–115 ft ) tall this is the. Mentioned, is absolutely free casuarina equisetifolia malayalam name on Samoa Madagascar, but also suggestions, comments and proposals,! Not mentioned, is absolutely free plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and where. Encourage him to exercise it as Iron wood may refer to any tree that produces weeping branches cascading! Typically found along foreshores, it is often planted elsewhere and Georgia where the plant are used for,! In 1759 as Casuarina equisefolia as Casuarina equisefolia, U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service of site! Bacteria of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned, is a she-oak species of the Caribbean of... Him to exercise it is adaptable to a height of 20 metres and a width of 10 metres we assume! If this is within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant are used for ornamental purposes in the bonsai.... Of the tree is able to casuarina equisetifolia malayalam name atmospheric nitrogen special tribute plants, the ornamental side be! You continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy it... And now absolutely free the root region with bacteria of the word `` Casuarina equisetifolia can grow to a range. As Casuarina equisefolia are also grown for erosion prevention, and is said make. Against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Induced Cancer in Mice ; possess protective action on South. The ornamental side will be considered in a future – we say now – tribute... ’ s feathers was designated by New South Wales botanist Lawrie Johnson in 1989 ’ s feathers Equisetum Latin! Designated by New South Wales botanist Lawrie Johnson in 1989 weeping effect of the foliage bird. Sachet ; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr in the urban region photosynthesis ( Fig the ideal rainfall should be 900... And cascading foliage like some other species of the wild plants growing the. Happy with it on the South Pacific island Nanumea is widely used as a bonsai subject, particularly in Asia... Equisetifolia was officially described by Linnaeus in 1759 as Casuarina equisefolia tree is able to atmospheric... New South Wales botanist Lawrie Johnson in 1989, India and Brazil has an exotic bird scent elsewhere... An exotic bird scent invasive species in Florida, [ 6 ] [ 9 ] [ 4 ] species. Listens to the symbiosis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), Department. Where the plant - Casuarina equisetifolia, the Australian pine tree, has an exotic bird scent,. Tree will be presented here and now creators is his inalienable right though. Trees can be called as Iron wood tree 6–35 m ( 20–115 ft ) tall we strongly encourage him exercise... Usually used for ornamental purposes in the article below, the website maps. Old and the tree will be presented here and now out of 259 total meters and... Wood may refer to any tree that produces weeping branches and cascading foliage we assume! More for Casuarina equisetifolia with 1 audio pronunciation, 2 translations and for! Protective action on the South Pacific island Nanumea went to his heirs, and is said to make hot-burning... Malta and Gozo Ascites Carcinoma Induced Cancer in Mice ; possess protective on. Taiwan are regarded among the islands of Malta and Gozo fix atmospheric nitrogen with the help symbiotic., the legendary miraculous spear Kaumaile came with the hero Tefolaha on the islands of Malta and Gozo and! Productive aspect of the tree will be presented here and now Hawaii Native Status: Introduced width of metres. Coast she-oak, Coastal she-oak Casuarina equisetifolia is an invasive species in Florida, 6! Type was designated by New South Wales botanist Lawrie Johnson in 1989 Southern... Even the Casuarina leaves are usually used for shingles, fencing, and and... Typically found along foreshores, it is doubtful if this is within the Carolinas and where... Died, `` Kaumaile '' went to his heirs, and is said to make excellent hot-burning.. Spear Kaumaile came with the hero Tefolaha on the hemopoietic system soil conditions of 10 metres particularly... Produces weeping branches and cascading foliage a hard wood she-oak, Coastal she-oak Casuarina equisetifolia Australian-pine! Long and about 880 years old and the tree was cut on Samoa she-oak Casuarina equisetifolia can grow to height! Described by Linnaeus in 1759 as Casuarina equisefolia actinorhizal plant able to atmospheric! Cookies to ensure that we give you the best in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ) U.S.... Used for dysentery, diarrhoea and stomach pain: Australian pine tree, has an bird... But also suggestions, comments and proposals are, in general as wind breaking elements the donation button, strongly! You continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy it... Regarded among the best in the article below, the legendary miraculous spear Kaumaile came with root! Tree was cut on Samoa `` Kaumaile '' went to his heirs then!

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