Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. The theory that if one Asian country falls to Communism, they all will. Communist dictator of Cuba who came into power in 1959. DMZ "demilitarized" zone, an area with zero military occupation. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (11) What did the events in Greece and Turkey mean to the U.S.'s understanding of its post-WWII role in the world? NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Was a politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. organization of nations joined together to keep peace through collective security arrangements, council, or group, of the United Nations that includes temporary (for a short time) members that are elected and change every two years, power to defeat (not accept) a suggested law with one vote, anger and an increase in the number of weapons between the communist and Western democratic nations; a war of threats, policy of President Truman declaring that the U.S. must think of the continued spread of communism as a threat to democracy, policy that tried to stop the spread of communism (clue: think of our marble game), plan made by U.S. Secretary of State; a huge economic program by the U.S. to help European countries build back up again after World War II, Communist Information Bureau created by the Soviets to go against the Marshall Plan, system of dropping food and supplies by air into West Berlin by the U.S. and Britain, North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance, or partnership, of twelve Western nations made in 1949, mutual defense pact signed in Poland, between the Soviet Union and countries of the Eastern bloc, wall built to separate East and West Berlin, to stop East Germans from getting away and going to West Berlin, state in which the government takes the main responsibility for the social welfare (wellness) of its citizens (people), multinational European economic organization headquartered in Belgium, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; group that worked for civil rights, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), SEATO; organization created by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to stop communist advances in Southeast Asia, situation during the Cold War in which the Soviet Union built places for nuclear missiles in Cuba, July 1945; Truman, Attlee and Stalin met in Germany to resolve unsettled issues from Yalta, "demilitarized" zone, an area with zero military occupation. Common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. STUDY. A 327-day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948. A Military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites. The Cold War. Potsdam Conference. 13 Day period in October 1962 when Soviet nuclear missile were pointed at the United States in Cuba. The attacks, often unsubstantiated, by Senator Joseph McCarthy and others on people suspected of being Communist in the early 1950s. (RN), Strategic Arms Limitation Talks- A pact that served to freeze the numbers of long-range nuclear missles for five years in 1972. Attended the Potsdam Conference. 1956, spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the Hungarian people's republic and its soviet imposed policies. Learn. Prime Minister of Great Britain after Winston Churchill. A U.S. agency created to gather secret information about foreign governments. Learn. Flashcards. Major Cold War confrontation in 1962 --> Soviets building missile bases on Cuba, atomic missiles could reach US within minutes. 33rd President of the United States, 1945-1953. The various government bodies previously in Nanjing, that were re-established in Taipei as the KMT-controlled government, actively claimed sovereignty over all China. Test. The downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960. First major threat to soviet control since the USSR's forces drove out the Nazis at the end of the cold war. ambermsp. The End of the Cold War. A Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as its Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as its President from 1976 to 2008. Write. A conflict between North Korea and South Korea, lasting from 1950-1953, in which the United States along with other UN countries, fought on the side of the South Koreans while China fought on the side of the North Koreans. US Secretary of State that developed a plan to help European nations rebuild their economies. The Republic of China in Taiwan retained China's seat in the United Nations … This treaty between Nixon (U.S.), China, and the Soviet Union served to slow the arms race that had been going on between these nations since World War II. Gravity. Soviet leader following World War II, dies in the middle of the Korean War in 1953. Write. The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was a non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled those two powers to partition Poland between them. The wall was a symbol that people wanted to destroy. First major threat to soviet control since the USSR's forces drove out the Nazis at the end of the cold war. Soviet war to preserve communist rule in Afghanistan, opposed by US-funded mujahideen. 34th President of the United States, 1953-1961. A concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961-1989, built by Communist East German government to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West. Why did crowds tear down the wall after the gates were opened? ... A cold war with a couple of minor military conflicts was resulted in the early years. Military alliance created in 1949 made up of 12 non-Communist countries including the United States that support each other if attacked. An economic system in which private individuals and corporations control the means of production and use them to earn profits. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. The "Vietnam of the USSR", The nuclear powers during the Cold War, in order of gaining nuclear weapons. 1979-1989. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). 33rd President of the United States. July 1945; Truman, Attlee and Stalin met in Germany to resolve unsettled issues from Yalta . Married couple who become the first U.S. citizens put to death for espionage in 1953. STUDY. Asian nation that turns to Communism in 1949 after the Mao Zedong comes into power and fights with the North in the Korean War. They were charged with passing Atomic Bomb secrets to the Soviets. The blocking of another nation's attempts to spread it's influence - especially the efforts of the United States to block the spread of Soviet influence during the late 1940s to early 1950s. Agreement between the US, Soviet Union, and Great Britain to end the testing of nuclear bombs in the atmosphere or underwater, 1945 meeting between US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin (("the Big Three") to plan for ending the war and the post-war period. situation during the Cold War in which the Soviet Union built places for nuclear missiles in Cuba. Match. What can you infer from the fact that people were willing to risk their lives to cross … Flashcards. HungVong. The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. Spell. This doctrine was first asserted by President Truman in 1947. An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation. A phrase used by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe the imaginary line that separated Communist countries in the Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe from the countries in Western Europe. The blockade was a high point in the Cold War, and it led to the Berlin Airlift. The idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control, Line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam, Communist leader of North Vietnam, led the fight against the French and then the Americans to reunify the country, Became president after Kennedy's assassination and reelected in 1964; committed the US more heavily to fighting in Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, Mutually Assured Destruction: the idea that the superpowers had so many nuclear weapons that they would completely destroy each other in a war, The development of or maintenance of military power to deter, or prevent, an attack; often used specifically to refer to nuclear weapons. The program, proposed by Secretary of State George Marshall in 1947, under which the United States supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after World War II. Created by. Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles, long-range nuclear missiles capable of being fired at targets on the other side of the globe. Was in office during the Bay of Pigs Invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis and the building of the Berlin Wall. Yuan's death in 1916 led to the nation's disintegration in the Warlord Era. Test. Ho Chi Mihn. A country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation. That the U.S. as the only capable world power needed to resist the inevitable expansion of the Soviet Union and communism That if the two countries were not … The residents of West Berlin, Germany were blockaded by the Soviet Union. Created by. 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