NOAA via Wikimedia Commons Basin: Western Pacific Highest 1-minute sustained winds: 172 mph ( kph) Lowest central pressure: 890 millibars These storms tie Amy as 10th strongest (by winds): Typhoon Elsie, 1975: 895 millibars Typhoon Bess, 1965: 900 … Strongest storm of hurricane season strikes Central America Iota, the most powerful Atlantic hurricane in a record-setting season, made landfall along the coast of northeastern Nicaragua with winds of 155 miles per hour, strong enough to flatten homes, uproot trees and leave some areas uninhabitable for months. When this happens, a barometric pressure reading decreases. Hurricanes Eta and Laura have been the strongest hurricanes of 2020. The hurricane had catastrophic effects on the local fishing industry, and was responsible for at least 4,000 deaths. Hurricane Michael was a catastrophically powerful storm that pounced on the Florida Panhandle with vicious 155 mile-per-hour winds and a 14-foot storm surge. Winds reaching speeds of up to 260 km per hour had devastating effects on the local area. Wind: 175 mph. It formed off of Africa’s west coast on September 6 in about three days it had intensified to become a Category 1 hurricane. The hurricane was associated with sustained winds of 290 km/h. Although extremely potent storms have formed in the Atlantic Ocean, the most powerful tropical cyclones on record have formed in the Pacific. Damage: $26.5 million. The hurricane, with wind speeds of 233 km/h made a landfall in Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900. On August 27th, 2020, Hurricane Laura made landfall in the southwest corner of Louisiana; it is reported to be the strongest hurricane to hit in 164 years. The world’s strongest storm this year killed at least 16 people in the Philippines, and sent tens of thousands more to evacuation centers, risking coronavirus infection. One of the oldest hurricanes on this list, the 1776 hurricane of Pointe-a-Pitre Bay goes down in history for its mass destruction. “The Pacific, being a much bigger ocean, often gives a hurricane or typhoon more room to roam before it runs into land,” said meteorologist Bryan Norcross, hurricane specialist for WPLG-TV in Miami. However, the forecast shows that the hurricane may weaken before it even reaches Hawaii this weekend. On July 24, the storm peaked as a Category 4, but the storm began to … Anything Category 3 and above is considered a major hurricane. In terms of winds, Laura tied with the Last Island Hurricane of 1856 as the strongest land-falling hurricane in Louisiana history, and tied as the fifth-strongest hurricane on record to make a continental U.S. landfall. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- By Oishimaya Sen Nag on March 23 2018 in World Facts. Reliable records of hurricanes began being kept in 1851 and since then there have been 905 storms of at least hurricane intensity. Estimates place the casualty count at around 4,000. The image analysis is not considered as accurate as data obtained from a research aircraft flying into the storm. The hurricane reached Florida, in the United States, a few days later. Because Atlantic hurricanes are more likely to strike populated areas, they are monitored more closely than storms in other basins. Last year, Hurricane Irma approached Puerto Rico and Florida with maximum winds of 185 mph, making it one of the strongest hurricanes ever recorded in the Atlantic basin. Estimates place the casualty count at around 4,000. Unfortunately, no matter their title, the gusts of winds and sudden flooding that these storms bring with them have terrible consequences on civilians and infrastructure. Finally, here are 12 biggest hurricanes ever recorded in the world. Cyclone, typhoon, hurricane - depending on where in the world they occur, these massive, destructive tropical storms may go by a different name. As strong as Michael was, however, there have been many storms more powerful. The storm, which formed in 1980, had peak winds of 190 miles per hour and a barometric pressure reading of 899 millibars. Currently, Hurricane Wilma is the strongest Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, after … Hurricane Patricia, the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the western hemisphere, hit the Pacific coast of Mexico Friday evening. Hurricane Mitch, one of the strognest hurricanes in history, was the most destructive hurricane of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. All rights reserved. The strength of a tropical cyclone is calculated by two methods—maximum wind speed and barometric pressure readings. The strongest surface wind gust on record for any Atlantic hurricane was recorded during Hurricane Gustav on Aug. 30, 2008. (Note that the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale does not account for storm surge, only peak sustained wind.) Due to contradictory forecasts, the people of Galveston were not prepared to meet the great danger. 11,000 people were killed, and almost the same number were missing. Hurricane Patricia is the world's strongest hurricane or typhoon since at least 1970, when accurate satellite measurements of wind speeds began, according to data gathered by meteorologist and hurricane expert Phil Klotzbach of Colorado State University. Patricia exploded from a … A 15 feet storm surge wiped out large parts of the city which was only 8 feet above sea level. It remains one of worst hurricanes ever experienced. Most of these casualties were sailors. (*) The barometric pressure of the Cuba hurricane of 1932 was measured at landfall and not while the storm was at sea. Hurricane Allen had the Atlantic’s most powerful recorded sustained winds. The typhoon struck Samar in Philippines on November 7, 2013 with a speed of 310 kmph. The strongest hurricanes in recorded history—see how Michael stacks up, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/10/strongest-hurricanes-in-history.html. Hurricane Flora of 1963 affected a wide surface area, from the southern Caribbean to as far north as Atlantic Canada. 



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