Nevertheless, there clearly are implications for language teaching and -you should ask yourself whether there are implications for you. Silent Way originated in the early 1970s and was the brainchild of the late Caleb Gattegno. The Silent Way is one of these innovative methods. Try not to mix the L1 and L2 so interference does not occur. Good method makes teaching good. There is a bunch of methods. Communication. Gattegno's name is well known for his revival of interest in the use of coloured wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an approach to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colours. The method is based on student discovery with the instructor staying mainly silent. A lot of time is allotted to the pronunciation. Although caleb gattegno’s silent way, which we will considerin this capter,did not emerge from the cognitive code approach, it shares certain principles with it. Automaticity by learning new habits. Background Principles of the method Objectives Teaching Steps Teachers' role Student's role The role of structural materials Features of silent way method Advantages Disadvantages Materials & Techniques Sound Chart word charts Fidel Cuisenaire Rods Pointer Didactic materials 1. As we have seen, the grammar-translation method did not prepare people … Gattegno’s name is well known for his revival of interest in the use of coloured wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an approach to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colours. Audio Lingual Method and Silent Way Audio lingual method Introduction This method is based on the principles of behavior psychology. Direct association in L2 without translation. In this method, the teacher doesn’t use many words but he only uses as little much as possible in order to give the learner or the student the responsibility to say what he wants. And yet, the underlying principles of the Silent Way are valid. Conclusion The actual practices of the Silent Way are much less revolutionary than might be expected. After covering all of the material in this chapter, students should be able to: 1. It adapted many of the principles and procedures of the Direct Method, in part as a reaction to the lack of speaking skills of the Reading Approach. Goals: Read literature in L2. These principles situate the Silent Way in the tradition of discovery learning, that sees learning as a creative problem-solving activity. Language can’t be learned by repeating. Correct errors immediately. The audio-lingual method, like the direct method we have just examined, has a goal very different from that of the grammar translation method. The Silent Way capitalized on such discovery-learning procedures. These rods are used by the teacher to introduce and help the learners understand basic commands. Grammar is not taught explicitly but can be learned from the language input. Communication. Gattegno (1972) believed that learners should develop independence, autonomy, and respon- sibility. The instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle (Brown & Lee). Any method of teaching with minimal teacher input needs a teacher or a mentor who is responsible for the broader framework of the lesson, as well as for creating scenarios under which this learning can take place. With a strong focus on accurate repetition of sentences … Silent Way Method (SWM) is a visual method of foreign-language teaching which its main element is color ed wooden sti cks (also called colored Cuisenaire rods) devised b y a linguist, Caleb Catte gno. Before we compare Audio Lingual and Silent Way, we should know first the objective and principles of both method : It is called the Silent Way because the teacher is usually silent, leaving room for the students to talk and explore the language. Teachers are used as role models for the language. Developed by Caleb Gattegno, The Silent Way is a humanistic approach to learning language based on cognitive theory (Brown & Lee, 2015). The term “Silent Way” comes from the principle of a lot of language and few words.2 Caleb Gattegno is its originator. The Principles of the Audio LIngual Method. The silent way is a methodology of teaching language based on the idea that teachers should be as silent as possible during a class but learners should be encouraged to speak as much as possible. Repeat and drill often. How does it reflect the general learning teaching pedagogy of this method?——————————Language learning is not a mimicry. The teacher literally adopts the silent way while ensuring that they elicit a response from the learners and allowing the learners to try and correct their own mistakes. Certain principles on which this method is based are: Learning happens when the learner learns to discover new things about the foreign language and is creative rather than repeating what is taught. Basic Principles of using Silent Way Every approach on student centred learning and any philosophy based on minimal teacher input has to have some rules, or boundaries. Explain The silent way method uses elements such as color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, etc. Do not allow bad habits to develop. We have avoided referring to the Silent Way as a method since Caleb Gattegno says it is not one. Tap Ss mental powers by desuggesting barriers to learning. Direct Method: Audio-Lingual Method: Silent Way: Suggestopedia: 1. Learning is encouraged by physical objects in the surrounding. the silent way Alla Kirresh P.S: P.S: index *Caleb Gateggno: background *teaching techniques *principles *teacher's and student's roles *materials *Advantages and disadvantages *conclusion teaching method advantages disadvantages *students interact not only with teacher but also In Fact, Caleb Gattegno, the founder of the Silent Way ,devoted his thinking to the importance of problem solving approach in education.He contends that the method is costructivist and leads the learners to develop … Students will mimic the correct form. Language learning is habit. Based on the principles of Gattengo’s philosophy, The Subordination of Teaching to Learning, the Silent Way encourages the learning of a foreign language through self-correction, problem solving, imagination, and teaching awareness over repetition. Self-expression of Ss; independence from T. Everyday Comm. 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